John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie, in a presidential motorcade.
According to the Warren Commission established to investigate the assassination, a lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald, killed the president, but there has been consistent speculation ever since that Kennedy’s death was the result of a conspiracy. Oswald was killed two days later in the Dallas city jail by Jack Ruby, a nightclub operator from Dallas.
The strength of America’s economy in the 1920’s came to a sudden end in October 1929 - even if the signs of problems had existed before. The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, began on 24 October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. By the winter of 1932, America was in the depths of the greatest economic depression in its history. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
The Gare Montparnasse in Paris became famous for the derailment of the Granville–Paris Express, which overran the buffer stop. The engine careered across the station concourse, crashed through a thick wall, shot across a terrace and smashed out of the station, plummeting onto the Place de Rennes. Two of the 131 passengers sustained injuries, along with the fireman and two conductors. A woman on the street below was killed by falling masonry. A conductor was given a 25-franc fine and the engine driver a 50-franc fine.
On This Day 18 October 1851 Moby-Dick is first published
The novel by Herman Melville about the voyage of the whaling ship Pequod, is published by Richard Bentley in London. Moby Dick is now considered a great classic of literature. Initially, though, the book about Captain Ahab and his quest for a giant white whale was a flop.
Moby Dick has been adapted a number of times in various media including the stage, radio, TV, comics and graphic novels and movies. The most famous of these was the John Huston film of 1956.
The Battle of Leipzig or Battle of the Nations was fought by the coalition armies of Russia, Prussia, Austria and Sweden against the French army of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, at Leipzig, Saxony, from 16 to 19 October 1813. The battle marked the culmination of the autumn campaign of 1813 during the German campaign and involved over 600,000 soldiers, making it the largest battle in Europe prior to World War I. The French lost 38,000 men killed and wounded. Allied losses totaled 55,000 men. It ended with the decisive defeat for Napoleon, resulting in the destruction of what was left of French power in Germany and Poland. This battle marked the end of the French Empire east of the Rhine.
Captions from top to bottom: 1. Allied forces (Prussia, Austria, Russia, Sweden) advancing, French troops are on the flight. Engraving after an eye witness-watercolor by Gottfried Geissler. 2. Battle between Prussian soldiers and French troops. Aquatint engraving by J. L. Rugendas (detail). 3. French soldiers are fleeing the city. Colored engraving by R. Bowyer.