The fighting of World War I was not confined to Europe. Simultaneously, a major war was being waged in the Middle East. Fighting in the Sinai and Palestine, beginning in January 1915 and lasting until October 1918, was vicious and took a heavy toll on both sides. British Empire troops fought the Ottoman army supported by German and Austrian officers and troops from the Suez Canal, through the Sinai, Gaza, Beer Sheva, Jericho and from Jaffa up the steep road to the outskirts of Jerusalem. The capture of Jerusalem in December 1917 was major success for the British army, commanded by General Edmund Allenby.
Prohibition was a period of nearly fourteen years of U.S. history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor was made illegal. But many people in this time of ‘Prohibition’ continued to drink and gangsters made enormous amounts of money from supplying illegal liquor. On December 5, 1933, the 21st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified. The 21st Amendment repealed the 18th Amendment, making alcohol once again legal. This was the first and only time in U.S. history that an Amendment has been repealed.
John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on Friday, November 22, 1963, in Dealey Plaza, Dallas, Texas. Kennedy was fatally shot while traveling with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, and Connally’s wife Nellie, in a presidential motorcade.
According to the Warren Commission established to investigate the assassination, a lone gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald, killed the president, but there has been consistent speculation ever since that Kennedy’s death was the result of a conspiracy. Oswald was killed two days later in the Dallas city jail by Jack Ruby, a nightclub operator from Dallas.
The strength of America’s economy in the 1920’s came to a sudden end in October 1929 - even if the signs of problems had existed before. The Wall Street Crash of 1929, also known as Black Tuesday, began on 24 October 1929 and was the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States. By the winter of 1932, America was in the depths of the greatest economic depression in its history. The crash signaled the beginning of the 10-year Great Depression that affected all Western industrialized countries.
The Gare Montparnasse in Paris became famous for the derailment of the Granville–Paris Express, which overran the buffer stop. The engine careered across the station concourse, crashed through a thick wall, shot across a terrace and smashed out of the station, plummeting onto the Place de Rennes. Two of the 131 passengers sustained injuries, along with the fireman and two conductors. A woman on the street below was killed by falling masonry. A conductor was given a 25-franc fine and the engine driver a 50-franc fine.